The Effects and Evolution of Global Climate Change


By Bell Long

As the earth continues to throw up signs of danger ahead, a significant portion of humanity sits ignorantly, denying the very real effects of Global Climate Change.

Hypothesis of Global Climate Change began in the late 18th century. A Swedish scientist named Svante Arrhenius predicted that the use of fossil fuels would someday effect the world in unchangeable ways. Statistically that means that there was almost a full century until climate change really started to get the hype that it deserves. In the 1970s, more and more was published and discovered about climate change. In 1972 the first UN environmental conference was held. In 1975 American scientist Wallace Broecker introduced the term “global warming” to the public officially.  

Scientists have been studying Global Climate Change for over a century. Still, there is a lot of doubt about how real the effects of Global Warming will and are currently affecting us. Global warming has not yet grabbed the interest of Americans. The Tech Times reports that about twelve percent of people reported hearing about Climate Change once a month and four percent of people reported hearing about it once a week.


Another survey from the Tech Times reported that only 11 percent of people are very interested in learning about Climate Change. 29 percent of people were “mildly” interested and 24 percent not interested at all. Why are Americans so adamant about ignoring the plain and simple facts of Climate Change? Understandably there are people who may have been confused, therefore ignorant, about the effects of Climate Change. However, one doesn’t need to be a world renowned scientist in order to piece together the simple fact that the excessive use of fossil fuels and the world’s highest recorded temperatures are correlated.

A frightening 49 percent of people believe that climate change does not affect people in the Unites States today. Donald Trump tweeted in 2012, “The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make U.S. manufacturing non-competitive.”  

Changes that Americans should be keeping their eyes out for are: longer, hotter summers, prolonged sessions of extreme, abnormal heat, shorter, warmer winters, extended downpour, increase in allergies symptoms and change in plant and animal patterns. 


Records from places like weather stations, satellites, ocean buoys and tide gauges have recorded temperatures rising slowly, but surely, overtime.

However, heat levels are not the only things that have been changing. Sea levels are rising, ocean acidity levels are increasing, precipitation patterns are changing, and extreme weather events are increasing.

Things that humans have been doing to contribute to Climate Change include, burning coal, oil, and gas and the mass destruction of forests. Not only are the things that humans are doing to contribute to Climate change affecting the US now, but the span of their effect could last far longer than any of the people who created them.


Temperatures will only continue to rise. The frost-free season will extend.

Precipitation patterns will be greatly altered. Droughts will become a regular affair and heat waves will be even more hazardous. Hurricanes will be more powerful. Sea levels are expected to rise up to four feet by the 22 century. The ice in the Arctic will melt rapidly.

Still think that none of these things will affect the region in which you live? The Northeast is expected to experience heat waves, heavy downpours and a rise in sea levels. This can affect infrastructure, agriculture, fisheries and ecosystems. Many states and cities have decided to seriously consider Climate Change into their future planning.

The Northwest should expect a rise in sea level, erosion, inundation. Dangers to infrastructure and increase in ocean acidity. Greater wildfires, outbreaks of insects and diseases spread among the trees.

The Southeast should expect rise in sea level, risks to the economy, immense amount of lethal heat, (that could affect health, energy and agriculture) and decreased water availability.

The Midwest should be prepared for extreme heat, heavy downpour and flooding. Change in infrastructure, health, agriculture, forestry, transportation, air and water quality. It could also greatly affect the Great Lakes.   

And finally, if you live in the Southwest, you should expect increase in heat, outbreaks of insects, drought and more wildfires.

There is a lot of research about the effects of Global Climate Change. What was once simply hypothesized is now a reality. Places like NASA, The New York Time and most any large news resource has collected and/or reported about how Global Climate Change is becoming more and more of an issue.

If you are interested in ways to reduce your carbon footprint you can visit cotap.org (http://cotap.org/reduce-carbon-footprint/). There you can find ways to reduce your carbon footprint by driving as little as possible, air travel, things you can do at home, and the way you eat.   


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